This Is Not A Moment, It's The Movement

A young 20 something interested in a lot of things who likes to scream into the void about them constantly.

Bluebird

Bluebird is a 2013 film that was shown at the New York Film Critics Series at the AMC on 42 Street on Monday, February 16, 2014. The movie starts Amy Morton, of Chicago PD and John Slattery, of Mad Men. Bluebird was written and directed by Lance Edmands. After the showing of the movie Peter Travers of Rolling Stone sat down with the three of them to give a short interview. Edmands had a lot to say about how he created the movie and the world inside of it.

 

What is Bluebird about?

Bluebird to me was always about a very intimate way of dealing with grief. It’s about these people that are suffering separately. To me it’s about what they have to go through to reach out to each other and realize that to get through something like this they really need each other. It’s about people who are frozen and eventually fall out. It’s an internal movie. The things that are unsaid.

 

What was it that said I have to have these two actors?

I had this very specific woman in my mind that had to be incredibly sensitive and open. You needed to have an immediate sympathy or connection to her because she wasn’t going to speak a lot, it was all going to be very internal. The same with John, we talked about New England and what that means. There’s a very specific thing that I was trying to capture in New England. An almost puritanical work ethic, a certain distance, and I found that he really understood that

 

What was the hardest thing to shoot?

There’s a truck full of logs that tips over. We could only do that once for obvious reasons. We ruined the trailer, turned it into a corkscrew, and it took three hours to pick up all those logs off the ground. It had to be a blizzard. I was standing at the monitor, not breathing for two minutes waiting for that to happen. So for me it took a few years off my life, lack of oxygen. But, we got it and it’s crazy.

 

Having edited short films in the past, how did that prepare you for how to direct your first feature film?

We filmed this on 35 mm film. We were very methodical about how we shot it; we didn’t shoot a lot of coverage. A lot of scenes are one shot that we had planned out meticulously, and I had to know that those were going to fit together. I wasn’t going to be able to go crazy in the editing room with all my angels and remake the scene.

 

What might be your reaction to this film being atmosphere-centric?

To me the atmosphere and the world you create, that’s where my interests lie. I think the pace of this film is very true to the place and the cadences and the rhythms of this specific location. The film begins and ends with this paper mill which is the heartbeat of this town. You’re seeing the valves of the heart pumping the blood, which is the trees, and they go in one machine and come out as paper. I think that rhythmic cycle that’s established there is something that I really tried to maintain throughout the movie.

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Help Your Teammates

The sun is shining through the large windows of Raymond’s restaurant on Church Street in Montclair. It’s eleven thirty in the middle of Sunday brunch, their busiest time of the week. Servers, bussers, runners, hosts, and baristas are all scurrying around the restaurant trying to make sure that everyone is happy and satisfied with their drinks, meal, and time at the restaurant.

Charmaine Carosus, 33, of Fort Lee, is a petite Filipino woman. She stands just above 5’2, wearing a long colorful sweater over black leggings, her short brown hair pulled back in to a nub of a ponytail. She is the manager and overlooks everyone in the entire restaurant.

She smiles a toothy genuine smile to the customers that have no problem waiting forty five minutes for a table.

The restaurant is buzzing. Everyone’s conversations are bouncing off the walls and it makes it almost uncomfortable. However, this is nothing new to Carosus.

She seems to almost float about the restaurant, checking to see if meals are satisfactory, running drinks to tables, making sure the register has enough cash, making sure the kitchen is getting food out in a timely manner, and helping servers with their side work.

Carosus looks around the restaurant one more time before stepping into the back, where the bathrooms, back door, and door to downstairs are located.

“I always try to be happy and go lucky at work,” Carosus says, “I have an eye for detail and I am always happily in charge of the well being of my crew. If I’m negative, I know that it’ll affect everyone around me and I can’t have that. This place can be a hectic hot mess, but I have to keep a level head.”

Carosus likes to stay home and have friends over for dinner rather than going to a club.

Carosus has a 36 year old Korean boyfriend of four years who currently lives in California. His sister has a daughter, who Carosus already considers her niece.

Carosus keeps an eye at the door, making sure no one needs her. It’s clear she is itching to get back on the floor.

Carosus was born in the Philippines and was 14 years old when she came to America.

Carosus is a graduate of Ft. Lee High School and Montclair State University, her degree in English.

“I know this sounds really weird,” Carosus comments, “But I am so good at reading people’s moods. I think it makes me an effective manager. It also bleeds into my home life because I gauge people’s moods and then I am very calculating in the ways in which I can get what I want. I’m so bad.”

The door opens and her head shoots up. A customer looks inquisitively at her, “Ladies room?”

“Right here,” Carosus responds. She gestures with an open hand at the two large wooden doors marked “Restrooms.”

Carosus sees this as her out to escape back to the floor. “If you want to follow me,” She says while opening the door with her game face on.

Immediately a server walks up to her. The uniform is black shoes, jeans, white button up collared shirt, a tie, and a large denim apron. The server hands her a receipt with “pancakes” written on it.

“They just changed their mind. They got the breakfast burrito instead.” The server explains with a thick Spanish accent. “Could you void this, please?”

“Of course,” Carosus responds. She walks to a computer and is finished within seconds.

She scans the floor and looks at two servers talking to themselves. “Help your teammates!” They quickly disperse. She gives one last look to the customers before she looks at the servers’ station. There are ketchups and syrups piling up waiting to be cleaned. This is a specific server’s running side work.

Carosus walks over to the ketchups and rolls up her sleeves. “I love to clean the shit out of everything,” She remarks, “Ketchups are my jam. No one cleans ketchups like I clean ketchups. I’ll help my kids out with their side work when they’re busy like this. It keeps me chill.”

After cleaning two bottles she looks up to see two customers giving the host a hard time. She rolls down her sleeves, puts on a smile and walks right over to rectify the problem.

 

 

I’m Not Your Babe

In Jonathan Swift’s poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room,” Swift sees the women only as objects.  He views them as something that is vile and disgusting, something there only to pleasure himself, not to actually be a person of their own.  Lady Mary Wortly Montagu had quite the response to his poem; she wrote her own.  “The Reasons That Induced Dr. S To Write A Poem Called The Lady’s Dressing Room” explicitly calls out all that Swift did wrong in his poem.  Montagu does not hold back what she thinks of Swift.  In response to Swift’s misogynistic poem, “The Lady’s Dressing Room,” Montagu’s poem “The Reasons That Induced Dr. S To Write A Poem Called The Lady’s Dressing Room” takes Swift himself, and mocks him by showing him as a despicable old man who cannot get it up.

Montagu’s poem switches out the main character of Swift’s poem for Swift himself.  Montagu wishes to let Swift have a taste of his own medicine.  Wendy Weise suggests that it “asserts that Swift’s own hapless social climbing and sexual inadequacies are the true source of his “disappointed” (85), caustic rebuke against all ladies” (Weise).  Swift showed Celia in a raunchy disgusting light, showing that she was something less than human, something that he could not fulfill his needs with.  Montagu turned that on his head and had Swift himself be the one that was something less than human.  Montagu made him into a character that blamed Betty for his inability to perform.

Swift’s poem moves from the inside out. He deals with the main character looking for pleasure himself, which then turns into his disgust at how this woman actually lives.  His fetishization of this woman has come to an end.  He then lets the world know how vile she is. Montagu works from the outside in. She shows a woman objectifying a man. It then moved inward when it turns into a man’s inability to perform sexually and blaming the woman. Montagu is doing the opposite of what Swift has done.

In Swift’s poem his main character has a sense of dominance over Celia because he enters her chambers while she is not there.  He rifles through her things without her permission.  It does not seem as if this main character even knows who Celia is.  He is only captivated by her because she is a woman and he is looking to get off. There is a perceived dominance that he has over her, because he is violating her privacy. However, if Celia were to be there, she would undermine his dominance simply by being present.

Even in the very beginning of Swift’s poem Strephon is fetishizing Celia. He wants her to be exactly what he wants, not a person of her own. The poem opens with, “Five Hours (and who can do it less in?) / By haughty Celia spent in Dressing; / The Goddess from her Chamber issues, / Array’d in Lace, Brocades, and Tissues” (Swift 1-4).  Strephon, the main character is shown watching Celia in her private dressing room getting ready for five hours.  He sees all that adorns her body and sees her as a Goddess.  He has not spoken to her; he does not know anything about her.

When Celia leaves Strephon then decides to go inside to make of her what he wants to. He turns her into a fantasy, something that could never be real, and yet he will not stop. The poem continues, “Strephon, who found the Room was void, / And Betty otherwise employed; / Stole in, and took a strict Survey” (Swift 5-7).  Realizing he is alone, Strephon decides to go into the dressing room.  He carefully inspects everything that is in Celia’s dressing room.  Leaving nothing unturned, he gathers only what he wants from what she leaves behind.  He takes the pieces of her that show through her dressing room and makes it into his own fantasy of what she could be.

Strephon is not taking a normal route to what is desirable. He is noticing all the things that are essential to Celia’s life, but that no one wishes to talk about. Weise comments that, “[Swift] fetishized body parts the Petrarchan poet typically desires: instead of eyes, lips, or arms, we see “combs” and “brushes,” “Night-gloves” and “pettycoats,” “handkerchiefs,” “stockings,” “tweezers,” and assorted tools, “paints,” and “slops” (Swift 20, 21, 24, 27, 29, 33, 35, 48, 49, 51)” (Weise).  Here is where Strephon’s dream starts to collapse.  He is not looking at Celia.  She is not present.  All he has is what she leaves behind.  The mere shell of what she is.  He is not looking at her as a woman.  He is looking at her as an object.  He sees the things she puts on her body, instead of what is inside.

At the end of the poem, Strephon has finally come to the stench that has been in the room the entire time he was there.  Swift continues, “But Strephon cautious never meant / The Bottom of the Pan to grope, / And foul his Hands in Search of Hope. / O never may such vile Machine / Be once in Celia’s Chamber seen! / O may she better learn to keep / Those “Secrets of the hoary Deep!” (Swift 92-98) Celia’s chamber pot is not something that he can fetishize.  The chamber pot is something that he cannot believe is inside her dressing room.  Strephon has seen what it truly means to be a woman. The fantasy that he has been creating since he was first watching Celia has come crashing down.

Montagu’s poem takes gender and makes it pliable. Gender is whatever the reader wants it to mean, because gender is something that you put on, it is a front. Weise says that Montagu’s poem, “correlates to Mary Ann Doane’s theory of masquerade: “Flaunting femininity” and recognizing that “womanliness is a mask which can be worn or removed” creates a space between woman-as-image and female reader that enables a female spectatorship” (Weise).  Montague shifts around the gender roles and expectations throughout her poem.  She turns everything upside down and leaves it up to the reader to determine what is going on in regards to gender.

The beginning of Montagu’s poem shows a woman looking at a man the way a man would normally look at a woman.  The poem opens with, “The Doctor in a clean starch’d band / His Golden Snuff box in his hand, / With care his Di’mond Ring displays / And Artfull shews its various Rays” (Montagu 1-4) In only the first four lines Montagu has turned gender around. It is not the man objectifying, watching, and lurking; it is the woman. Betty has now been put into the role of Strephon in Swift’s poem. Montagu continues to make a mockery of gender by showing and calling out the problems with it.

Montagu shows that men also put on a mask and perform, just as women do.  The narrator calls the main male character, “Doctor,” “Reverend Lover,” “Priest,” “Fumbler,” and “Dean” (Montagu 63, 68, 77, 85). The main character is not addressed by his name, he is simply a title. Unlike the women, who can take of their mask and make up as they please, Montagu is showing the men in her poem cannot. The men cannot distinguish themselves from their titles and professions. The masks have to stay on.

At the end of the poem the Doctor is unable to perform sexually and blames it on Betty.  Montagu is making a statement about the end of Swift’s poem and how Swift is unable to perform.  Montagu states, “. . . the Fault is not [in] me. / Your damn’d Close stool so near my Nose, / Your Dirty Smock, and Stinking Toes / Would make a Hercules as tame / As any Beau that you can name” (Montagu 69-73)   Swift has now been turned into the joke. He cannot perform sexually and will think of any reason to blame anyone but himself.

Montagu showing Swift as the deplorable man who cannot get it up is saying that Swift should not be taken seriously. This is how he acts and how he would act. Karine Onarheim says, “Reducing Swift’s male identity by presenting him as sexually impotent, Montagu manages to lessen the impact of Swift’s allegations against women. She effectively removes the generality and force of Swift’s humiliating observations on female identity by linking his poetic inspiration to a single incident of personal disappointment” (Onarheim). Montagu’s poem boils down to showing Swift that he is a misogynist and showing making a jab at his manhood.

Lady Mary Wortly Montagu’s poem, “The Reasons That Induced Dr. S To Write A Poem Called The Lady’s Dressing Room” takes Jonathan Swift himself and makes him into a contemptible character in her response to his poem “The Lady’s Dressing Room.” Montagu takes what Swift perceives as fact about women of the time and turns it on its head.  She makes gender flexible and pliable, showing that gender means whatever you want it to mean.  Swift objectifies women and Montagu throws it right back in his face.  Montagu makes a mockery of Swift’s misogyny.

It’s All Packed Here

As a collaborative effort of a journalism class we wrote a piece about the parking nightmare that is Montclair State University.  It was published in the school’s newspaper, The Montclarion.

It also won an award from the 2015-16 NJ Collegiate Newspaper Contest, second place for a web journalism project.

Bernie Pulls In Youth Vote

Before election season began it seemed as if Hillary Clinton would be the frontrunner for the Democratic party.  However, as the season has gotten underway Bernie Sanders has been pulling in the youth amazingly higher than Clinton.

Voters under 30 are adamant that Sanders, or as he is so kindly referred to as, just plain “Bernie,” is the man for them.  They are “feeling the Bern.” They give many reasons as to why they prefer Sanders over Clinton with overwhelming evidence and proof to back it up.

Out of 25 people under 30 asked throughout Northern New Jersey, three said they were not informed enough to make a decision, one said they would vote for Clinton, and 21 said they would vote for Sanders.

Many people are backing Sanders because they feel like he is addressing the issues that matter to them. Caitlin Forde, 23, of Union said, “He gets that the average American is exhausted with politics and politicians, with shut downs and filibusters that only stagnate any  progress.  He knows that we want change, that America needs to change in a lot of ways.  And so far, he’s proven he can stick to his message, especially in regards to money in politics and human rights.  That’s impressive, and makes him seem trustworthy.”

Gemma Johnson, 23, of Morris Plains is one of many who does not care about the political party label.  She said, “He really wants to make a change, he wants to help the country live up to its amazing potential and you can tell he’s dead serious because he uses the term “socialist” in his political identity.  He is a “democratic socialist,” but using the “s” word in general is something people generally try to steer away from because it’s like using a curse word.”

Amy Lynch, 23, of Montclair does not want her fate to befall anyone else. “In December 2014, when I had just graduated college, I was told that the cost of my college education caused my family to lose our house of 26 years.  My debt from student loans was well over $100k, and finding a job in my field was a constant struggle.  The time came where I got a job within a branch of the federal government and at the same time I was homeless sleeping in my car.  No one should regret the college education they received, because many people do not even have the money to attend college in the first place.”

Jane Rothrock, 19, of Hampton, is thankful that Sanders is truly invested for the people in this country, she said, “Bernie cares, and above all, he has cared his entire life.  He marched for civil rights in the 1960s and defended gay rights in the 1980s.  He has been at the forefront of basic human rights every time the opportunity arose.  He is the only one that realizes that we are all human beings inhabiting the same planet, and that we all deserve to be treated that way.  We all deserve education, we all deserve a living wage, we all deserve marriage.  We as a country have the means to give everyone a good quality of life and progress as a people, and Bernie is the only one who seems to realize that.”

Lauren Sharon, 29, of Manville is among those who believe Sanders is more sympathetic to women than Clinton, she said, “More important than my agreeing with him on most issues, is his consistency in continuing to fight for the same causes which can’t exactly be said for Hillary.  I just feel he has more integrity even when it comes to women’s issues due to his consistency.”

Others cannot get beyond Clinton’s past. Sarah Decker, 23, of Morris Plains said, “Whenever I hear “Clinton” I think of Bill Clinton and his affairs.  I know they’re two completely different people, but it’s just a connection that’s not going to go away.”

Kate Fosco, 30, of Hopatcong thinks that it’s time for new blood in the White House.  She said, “I’m over political dynasties.  Hillary seems kind of like an elitist and more like a status quo kind of candidate.  Bernie seems to be firm on his commitment to break up the big banks and to identify Wall Street as one of the biggest problems with our economy.”

The support for Sanders was not unanimous.  Abby Letson, 20, of Hackettstown supports Clinton. “I am voting for Hillary for the one reason that we’ve never had a female president,” Letson said. “That struck me really hard recently and it’s actually unfathomable.”

While Jon Muñoz, 19, of Hampton had a lot to say about Sanders’s and Clinton’s stances, he summed it all up in a fun way, “Bernie is like that cute grandpa that always makes you happy and tells you stories and makes you feel good,” Muñoz said.  “Hillary just reminds me of the grandmother who brings hard lemon candies and then asks when you’re getting married.”

 

You can find this article published on Wired Jersey’s website.

Educational Grammy Nominee

Walking through the halls of John J. Cali school of music at Montclair State University  is an interesting cacophony of sound.  There are all sorts of instruments being played and very different types of music.  Coming along the second floor hallway you can hear the low rumbles of the trombone being played.  Something that was loud, staccato, and bombastic all of a sudden is very smooth, gentle, and beautiful.  Tony Mazzocchi, the trombone primary professor smiles as he holds his trombone at his side, as if it’s an extension of his arm.  “I only wanted to be performing on the trombone up until two days before I took my first teaching job,” Mazzocchi explains, “I honestly think that if somebody asked me three days before I took it I would have said, ‘Absolutely not.’”

Mazzocchi, the trombone primary professor and the Associate Director of the John J. Cali school of music was nominated by a former middle school student for an educational Grammy. Out of 30,000 people nominated, he made it to the top 25. Mazzocchi says, “She is actually a sophomore here at Montclair right now, a music major, so that is very cool. She’s going to be a fantastic music educator.”

Two years ago the Grammy foundation started a Grammy award for music educators.  Anyone could fill out a form online to nominate someone.  A former middle student of Mazzocchi’s nominated him.  He had to send in videos of himself teaching and speaking.  He eventually made it to the next round where the Grammy foundation had to come out to interview him and film more videos.  Mazzocchi made it to the top twenty five, but did not advance further than that.

Mazzocchi also holds a music festival summer camp in Vermont that he and his wife are the directors of.  It runs from June through August and hosts musicians of all ages from all around the world. As we finally get settled into the fall semester, Mazzocchi says,  “Vermont in the summer is just so beautiful.  I just can’t wait to be there again.”

King James Bible Find

Montclair State University’s Jeffrey Miller, assistant professor of English, unearthed what is believed to be the earliest draft of the King James Bible.

Last summer Miller was at University of Cambridge’s Sidney Sussex College in the archives looking for information about Samuel Ward, one of the translators of the King James Bible.  The notebook he was looking through was mis catalogued as a commentary about the Bible, rather than a draft and translations.

Miller said, “It’s one of those things that you certainly weren’t expecting to find.  It’s a weird kind of mixture between an accident and more than unexpected.”

This find challenges what scholars thought they knew about the creation of the King James Bible because of the collaborative nature of it.

Dr. Lee Behlman, assistant professor of English and colleague of Miller said, “People seem to think that the King James Bible was started from scratch, but it wasn’t.  There were other English bibles before this, but nothing as lasting.  [Miller’s discovery] reminds us that they were working off other translations and making new choices. It wasn’t completely original.”

Miller has gained international attention since his article was published on the Times Literary Supplement on October 14 explaining his discovery.

Dr. Adam Rzepka, assistant professor of English and another colleague of Miller said, “This is a discovery where you need to have a deep understanding of Renaissance theology, the textual process of creating the King James Bible, who worked on what with whom and when, textual history, then you’ve got to be able to read Greek and Latin really well, and be able to read Renaissance handwriting.  Jeff has all of those really sophisticated skills.  So being in the right place at the right time with the amazing knowledge that he has was exactly what it took to get here.”

Miller explained in the Times Literary Supplement that the Bible has many parts with no drafts at all that leaves something to be desired.  With this find he said “a number of these gaps and others can at last begin to be filled.”

Also in the Times Literary Supplement, Miller said that this notebook of Ward’s is probably from 1604 and “shows him not just recording group decisions about the translation after the fact, or even doing so in the process of group decisions being made, but rather working out the translation for himself as he went along, making mistakes and changing his mind.” The King James Bible was officially published in 1611.

Miller is very humble and gracious about all the attention that he is getting. “What you hope is that you’re a part of a conversation. I’m certainly not the first person that has started this conversation.  There’s been 400 years of scholars talking about it.  What you hope is that you’ve contributed to the conversation and other people pick up the conversation and bring it to places you’ve never even thought of or imagined, which is fun.  That’s when work lives.”

 

You can find this piece published at The Montclarion’s website.

 

 

Journalist Visits Montclair State

Michael J. Feeney, a former New York Daily News reporter and the president of the New York Association of Black Journalists visited Montclair State University early Wednesday morning to give a lecture.

Feeney, a New Jersey native from Teaneck began by saying he never realized he was a good writer until one of his teachers told him so in his senior year of high school. From there he went onto Delaware State University.

Feeney says the best way in the door to any kind of journalism are the internships.  He traveled eleven hours in his mom’s car to Kentucky for his first internship.  He also interned at the Associated Press in Baltimore. Feeney said they treated him like a regular reporter in all of his internships.

After graduating he moved to Detroit to work for the Associated Press.  After about a year he received an opportunity to work at the Bergen Record.  He reported at the New York Daily News for five years.

Feeney spoke about his previous stories where he covered cop beats, murders, and “over a hundred… not really… but a lot!” of fires.

Perhaps the most striking was a story he wrote in first person about the fire that burned his house in Teaneck down the day before Thanksgiving and how a year later he and his family had a lot to be thankful for.

Feeny flashed pictures of himself with big celebrities such as Jay-Z, J. Cole, and Drake from previous stories.

Feeney said the way you get big celebrities like that is though contacts.  He said as long as you are nice to everyone, they will usually help you out.  It also does not hurt to give a phone call asking how they are every once in awhile.

Feeney finished with a warm smile by saying he loves journalism and just wants to get out there and tell everyone a good story.

 

You can see this piece published on The Montclarion’s website.

Harry Potter and the Cursed Child

Harry Potter is back for an eighth story.  When we last left Harry Potter it was nineteen years after The Battle of Hogwarts and he was sending his eldest children off to their first day of school at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.  The book closes with, “All was well.”

However, it does not seem that all was well for very long.

Released on the official website on Oct. 23 was the synopsis of the play:

It was always difficult being Harry Potter and it isn’t much easier now that he is an overworked employee of the Ministry of Magic, a husband and father of three school-age children.

While Harry grapples with a past that refuses to stay where it belongs, his youngest son Albus must struggle with the weight of a family legacy he never wanted. As past and present fuse ominously, both father and son learn the uncomfortable truth: sometimes, darkness comes from unexpected places.

J.K. Rowling is collaborating with writer Jack Thorne and director John Tiffany to release the eighth installment in the series in play form.

The play will open at the Palace Theatre London in July 2016 with previews starting in May.

Rowling tweeted Sept. 24 that, “Due to the epic nature of the story we’ve been working on, Harry Potter and the Cursed Child will be in two parts!”

Tiffany told J.K. Rowling’s official Pottermore website, “There are many people working on this production who grew up with the books, or discovered them with their kids and it’s been thrilling and humbling to hear them say ‘We never thought we’d get Harry back. But he’s here…’’’

Tickets are now on sale to the general public.

Gender Doesn’t Exist

Gender is something that many people see as either one of two things.  This could not be further from the truth. Gender is not something that you can know just by looking at a person.  Someone’s gender identity can only come from them.  Someone’s physical appearance, speech, and dress are all things that can be seen or heard easily.  Many people make assumptions based on these things alone as to someone’s gender.  This needs to stop. You cannot identify someone’s gender just by looking at them.

Many people place their ideas of gender into something that is very stereotypical.  Certain things are expected from certain genders, or so it would seem.  Girls in schools have to obey dress codes that are far too outlandish for high school because it would “distract” not only the boys in their class, but their teachers.  They are expected to behave a certain way simply because they are perceived as women.  Women are expected to wear skirts, dresses, and heels, while men are not allowed near such things.

Society expects women to bend to the will of men.   They are supposed to be submissive to the male’s dominance.  If a woman speaks up they are considered a bitch, but if a man does it he’s a boss.  There are different expectations in regards to almost everything.  Society’s expectations are slowly but surely being crushed.  Many people realize that society’s norms and expectations are not valid, right, or a good way to live.  There are many people who are pushing back on the expectations by doing their own things and being their own person.  These small acts of defiance break those carefully constructed expectations and shatter them to pieces.

Race, culture, and community affect the way gender is perceived in many ways.  There are different societal expectations placed on different races and cultures.  Even communities place them upon themselves.  A white woman is expected to act different from a black woman, as compared to a brown woman, so on and so forth.  Black women are expected to change their natural hair to make it look more like a white woman’s hair.  Women in the East bind their feet to make them as small as possible.  Some women wear rings around their neck and the more rings there are, the more beautiful you are.  There are all different kinds of cultural and social expectations placed on genders across the world.

As a white female I have many materialistic stereotypes.  I love to go to Starbucks and get a the largest size pumpkin spice latte.  I take a picture and I Instagram it on my latest iPhone.  I always straighten my highlighted hair.  In the winter I only wear North Face and Uggs.  I wear yoga  pants all the time even though I do not do yoga.  Mommy and daddy pay for everything, and that is how I got into college.  I am always late with a coffee in my hand.

By changing my “race” most of the stereotypes still apply.  That is what is expected of all young women nowadays.  However, if you change the race it also adds all the racist stereotypes.  Stereotypes are never good but the further you get away from the (straight) white man the worse they get.  The straight white man is what the “ideal” is.  That is what everyone is striving to be like.  The societal expectations all stem from the idea that the straight white male is the most superior being and somehow everyone wants to be like them.

By adding sexual orientation and class into the stereotype mix they just fall down even further and get even worse.  Lesbians only like girls because they have never been with a guy before.  People only need to get a job and then they will not have any more money problems.  Bisexual people are not real, and if they are they are just sluts who do not know what they really want.  Gender is constructed in a way that people think there is only male and female.  There are plenty of other genders out there.  However, society places so many rules, expectations, and regulations that no one can be their true self without being looked down upon.  Everyone has to live up to the ideal that does not exist.